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Let's find out about the interlinked proportional representation system that is now an issue.

Currently, the nation's electoral system operates in conjunction with the small electoral district in which the most votes are won in a district, and the proportional representation system, which is allocated according to the percentage of party votes. These two election methods are not interconnected, and local constituencies and proportional representation seats are calculated separately. In other words, proportional representation is also called a "parallel" because it is allocated according to the order of the lists pre-determined by political parties and the percentage of party votes does not affect the number of seats in local constituencies. However, since this election method does not reflect the will of voters who vote for candidates other than the president-elect, the self-righteousness of the big party has been pointed out as a disadvantage.

In the case of a linked proportional representation system, there is a difference that the number of seats is determined by the percentage of votes earned by the party, regardless of the number of votes won in the small electoral districts. In other words, the total number of seats will be set at the rate of party votes, and the number of proportional representation seats will be adjusted according to how many were elected in local constituencies. In the case of such an interlinked proportional representation system, the number of seats will be decided in proportion to the votes received by political parties, which has the advantage of minimizing resignation. In particular, minor opposition parties actively advocate the introduction of a linked proportional representation system, as it would prevent voters from leaning their votes toward a large political party.

Currently, the linked proportional representation system is in place in Germany.

이윤석  kipper1109@naver.com

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